Pattern Discrimination 

 

Pattern Discrimination or Shape. Problems with pattern discrimination come in two levels. At the first level, the child is unable to identify basic shapes. They cannot recognize diverse images or shapes, which makes reading and spelling very difficult. At the second level, the child readily identifies shapes, but can't categorize things and understand how they interrelate; in other words, they have trouble conceptualizing. Likewise, people with issues at this second level have difficulty abstracting, or drawing individual conclusions from concepts - an ability basic to human logic. Complex patterns and concepts are difficult to see as units. In math, this process is vital to understanding why the correct answer is the correct answer, as well as the steps it takes to get it.